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Leviathan, in the Bible, one of the names of the primeval dragon subdued by Yahweh at the outset of creation.
The biblical references to the battle between Yahweh and Leviathan reflect a myth found throughout the ancient Near East.
In this myth, creation is represented as the victory of the creator-god over a monster of chaos.
The basic pattern of the Leviathan myth recurs in the Greek story of the battle between Zeus and the many-headed dragon Typhon, recounted by Hesiod in the Theogony.
A more ancient version of the myth appears in the Babylonian Creation Epic, in which the storm god Marduk defeats the sea monster Tiamat.
In the Jewish apocalyptic writings it is foretold that Leviathan will break out of captivity at the end of the present era but will suffer a second and final defeat at the hands of God (2 Esdras 6:52; 2 Baruch 29:3-8).